Tb was administered to a sub-group of alcohol-fed animals by oral gavage (2g/kg) for 5 days/week for 4 weeks to assess its effects. Serum and liver tissue samples were analyzed for endo-toxemia, hepatic steatosis, inflammation and injury. Results: Tb attenuated the ethanol-induced gut barrier dysfunction,
as shown by the significant reduction in endotoxemia. Histological analysis by H&E staining and choline esterase (CAE) staining showed a significant decrease in ethanol-induced hepatic steatosis and neutrophil accumulation in Tb-treated animals. Moreover, Tb administration attenuated the ethanol induced hepatic expression of the critical inflammatory cytokine, TNFα. Tb also prevented the ethanol-induced down-regulation of CPT1 α, a key enzyme in free fatty acid β-oxidation, with a resultant decrease in hepatic PI3K inhibitor triglycerides. Finally, Tb also significantly attenuated liver injury as seen by a decrease in ALT levels. Conclusion: The present work demonstrates that Tb may be useful in preventing the ethanol-induced alterations in the gut microbiome and barrier function, and may prove to be a useful therapy for the prevention/treatment
of ALD. Disclosures: Craig J. McClain – Consulting: Vertex, Gilead, Baxter, Celgene, Nestle, Danisco, Abbott, Genentech; Grant/Research Support: Ocera, Merck, Glaxo SmithKline; Speaking and Teaching: Roche Shirish Barve – Speaking and Teaching: Abbott The following people have nothing to disclose: Hridgandh Donde, Jingwen Zhang, Smita Ghare, Leila Gobejishvili, Swati Joshi-Barve, Vatsalya Vatsalya
Protease Inhibitor Library high throughput GNA12 Background and aim: Excessive accumulation of triglycer-ide-containing lipid droplets (LDs) within hepatocytes in NAFLD patients is a potentially reversible process, although sustained activation of inflammatory signaling pathways leads to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) that can eventually evolve into cirrhosis and HCC. Here we investigated the role of a new EZH2-phosphoSTAT3-miRNAs pathway in the induction of vescicular steatosis and intracellular inflammation in an in vitro cellular model. Methods: DMSO-differentiated human non-transformed hepatocytic HepaRG cells treated with oleic acid were used as a cellular model for the induction of vescicolar steatosis. Results: dHepaRG cells treated with oleic acid show: a) an increased lipid accumulation and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation as compared to control cells; b) deregulated lipid metabolism and liver-specific genes, including PDK4, PLIN4, SLC2A1, ALB and ALDOB; c) the activation of an intracellular inflammatory response, as demonstrated by the upregulation of IL6, IL8, OAS1, NFKB and phosphoSTAT3 levels. Oleate treatment also increased the mRNA and protein levels of the EZH2 (Enhancer of Zeste Homolog 2) histone methyl-transferase, the active subunit of the PRC2 transcription repressor complex that catalyzes histone 3 lysine 27 tri-meth-ylation (H3K27me3).