The cost responsibility category included such contractual elements as each party’s responsibilities for liability/indemnity, insurance, security, and restitution/repairs. Elements such
as sanitation, other facility maintenance responsibilities, and state/local law compliance fell Z-VAD-FMK chemical structure under the sustainability category. Finally, elements that defined the range of program services to be provided, specific spaces/facilities to be utilized, and use periods of the school grounds/facilities were grouped under the scope category. Agreements were also analyzed by type of mechanism used and whether the SUA included programmatic and/or open-gate elements. To provide supplemental context to the 18 SUA reviews, we calculated the potential number of residents reached by each agreement intervention, using geographic information systems (GIS) and the 2010 Census data (U.S. Census, 2010). Mapping of the 49 SUA school locations, for example, was carried out using a 1-mile buffer placed around each of the shared-use school sites with the assumption that community members may travel up to
1 mile to use the open space or facilities. When reviewing the literature, we found a lack of consensus on an acceptable distance that people are willing to travel to for recreation, ranging from 1/8th of a mile to 1 mile (Harnik and Simms, 2004). Although we believe people are not likely to walk more than 1/2 mile to a park or recreation space, given the commuter culture of LAC and the lack of recreational facilities MLN8237 solubility dmso in the targeted communities, we believe 1 mile is an acceptable distance for people to travel. Population in the surrounding community was estimated for each of the census tracts
within the 1-mile radius (buffer region), assuming uniform population numbers throughout the census tract. When appropriate, we calculated a ratio of CPPW funds invested to community members reached, based on the total expenditures or investments made by the JUMPP Task Force to construct and implement SUAs across the seven school districts. DPH’s institutional review board reviewed and approved all study protocols, procedures, and materials prior to fieldwork. Eighteen SUAs met the criteria for inclusion (JUMPP-assisted, physical activity-related, focus Suplatast tosilate on children and adults). Of the eight school representatives that completed the school site and community partner survey, approximately half (50%) reported safety, vandalism, and staffing as their top concerns. A little over one-third (37.5%) considered operational/maintenance issues as a challenge. Approximately 62.5% indicated that their school district would be amendable to opening outdoor school facilities for community use outside of regular school hours; about half would work with third parties (e.g., sports leagues, government agencies, and community organizations) to operate programs (e.g.