Conclusion: For the first time, sublingual microvascular blood flow alterations have been observed during cardiopulmonary bypass-assisted coronary artery bypass grafting.”
“Objective: Inappropriate multiorgan endothelial-leukocyte activation is major causative factor in organ dysfunction after cardiac surgery. We investigated in vitro, mechanism and magnitude of attenuation of the pathogenic response through pretreatment with an omega-3 fatty acid infusion.
Perioperative saphenous endothelial cell monolayers were pretreated and then stimulated with perioperative inflammatory mediators. Endothelial production of interleukin 6, interleukin 8, and adhesion molecules Ro 61-8048 purchase necessary for neutrophil tissue penetration, were examined, together with inflammatory endothelial coagulant responses. Pretreatment effects on isolated blood neutrophil inflammatory responses were similarly noted. Mechanistic insight was obtained through
assessment of the temporal response of nuclear factor-kB and its association with heat shock protein 72(HSP72) expression.
Results: Four-hour pretreatment markedly reduced inflammatory endothelial release of interleukin 8 (2587 +/- 82 pg/mL control vs 208 +/- 3 pg/mL omega-3 pretreated, P < .01) and endothelial expression of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (196.1 +/- 2.0 vs 71.9 +/- 0.6 mean channel fluorescence, Selonsertib nmr P,.01) in response to endotoxin and tumor necrosis factor a. Neutrophil activation (CD11b and respiratory burst) was maintained, but pretreated neutrophils had shorter survival. Endothelial inflammatory stimulation produced rapid increase in nuclear activity of nuclear factor-kB, which was attenuated by 43% with omega-3 pretreatment (P < .01).
This coincided with 3- fold increase (P= .03) in protective HSP72 expression GSK126 nmr with pretreatment.
Conclusion: Acute pre-treatment with a clinically acceptable omega-3 infusion attenuates perioperative endothelial-neutrophil activation through transcription-level interaction.”
“Objectives: A novel hemagglutinating virus of Japan (HVJ, a murine parainfluenza virus) envelope vector system, in which DNA is incorporated into an inactivated viral particle deprived of its genome, was recently developed as a ready-to-use vector for gene therapy. We therefore investigated whether intratracheal gene transfer using this vector can induce transgene expression in the lung and whether atrial natriuretic peptide gene transfer ameliorates pulmonary hypertension in rats.
Methods: Rats transfected intratracheally with beta-galactosidase vector, atrial natriuretic peptide vector, or mock vector were investigated for the evaluation of beta-galactosidase expression, atrial natriuretic peptide mRNA expression, and inflammatory cell infiltration.